Colpitis are white vaginal discharge, being among the most common gynecological diseases. Every second patient seeking gynecological care, with colitis. Colpitis occur from childhood to old age. However, due to the fact that the most common causes are sexually transmissible, the disease prevalent in younger, sexually active women. Most colpitis appear due to infectious agents. The most common infectious agents are microorganisms, bacteria, viruses and candida albicans.
Infection is the leading cause of colpitis. Most often due to prolonged antibiotic therapy, oral hormonal contraceptives, corticosteroids and immunosuppressants rarely – preparations that sharply increases the risk of fungal infection. The agents are phitoparasitis. The infection of the vagina with yeast mushrooms occurs in two ways – autogenous (from the anus – recto-vaginal contamination) and exogenous (from an infected sexual partner). The presence of fungi in the vagina is not yet contamination. They can be eliminated by natural defense mechanisms, but under certain conditions the fungi begin to multiply and contamination is becoming infection. Such conditions may include:
The most common symptoms of fungal infection are itching, burning and inflammation of the vagina, often accompanied by pain during urination and intercourse. Vaginal discharge is not always a person and can be very slightly. It is a thick, whitish-gray discharge and looks like sour milk, although it may be liquid or very thick.
Subjective complaints of chronic fungal itching are increased genital fluorine and genital itching. Objectively vaginal content is pyo. Vaginal walls are diffuse red. The complaints are exacerbated usually about menstrual cycle or after intercourse. Often it appears that the sexual partners of women suffer from ill called. contact balanitis (transitional itching, redness of the glans penis and the foreskin after intercourse).
This is a typical sexually transmissible parasitism. The disease is caused by the parasite Trichomonas vaginalis, and is one of the most common inflammatory diseases of the vagina and one of the major gynecological problems. In acute trichomonal colpitis subjective symptoms are profuse watery fluorine genital odor, complaints and less pelvic pain as heaviness and discomfort low down in the pelvis. Objectively vaginal content is abundant, with yellow-green color and very small air bubbles ( “sparkling” vaginal content).
The bacterial colpitis was found that 60% of women with vaginal fluoride in the vaginal content prevails a short Gram negative. It called Gardnerella vaginalis. In small quantities it may be part of the normal flora of the healthy women, but under pathological conditions is propagated intensively. He enters in symbiosis with other organisms of the intestinal flora and become pathogenic. The main subjective complaints of dirty underwear and bad smelling intestinal fluorine. Objectively vaginal walls are red and vaginal content is grayish and liquid film covers the vaginal walls.
Senile colpitis occurs in operational or X-ray or neutered women after menopause. Hormonal deficiency leads to the disappearance of the normal microflora of the vagina and it remains unprotected from all caught up in it bacteria that cause infections.
Viral colpitis is caused by herpes viruses – HPV. Affects usually suddenly appearing heavy genital fluorine amid the malaise, fever and pelvic discomfort.