Diseases of the heart and blood vessels are becoming more common in the practice of doctors. The conversion of the incidence of these diseases in pandemic is due both to the extension of life, and the change in diet and mode of physical activity. In the early stages of most heart disease is recommended changes in lifestyle, including a healthy diet and daily involvement in various sports activities. In the majority of other metabolic diseases – such as diabetes and gout, a change in lifestyle was enough to interrupt the disease process, without the inclusion of any medication. The inclusion of some foods and therefore the exclusion of others should be gradual, otherwise it leads to a lack of motivation from the patient immediately occurred radical changes in his lifestyle.
Objectives of the prevention of cardiovascular disease by changing eating habits
First seeks removal of excess weight as overweight encumber the work of the heart and creates preconditions for increasing blood pressure. For optimal values are 120/80 mm / Hg. Unfortunately, less than half of the people suffering from high blood pressure, aware of his condition. The highest blood pressure in the morning, decreasing in the afternoon and remain the lowest in the evening. It takes several measurements during the day, to take account of the individual dynamics of each. It is important to know that once measured high blood pressure diagnosed hypertension. So make at least two tests on two separate days, as recommended measurement at home, to exclude the reporting of false values because t. Pomegranate. “White coat syndrome”. Increased salt intake leads to retain more fluids. This in turn is associated with increased blood pressure and increases the risk of cardiovascular events (heart attack, stroke, etc.). Its consumption should not exceed 4-6 grams per day, as it should be borne in mind that in recent years, its content in processed products such as crackers, nuts, sausages doubled.
Research reported that among the population there are people called nonresponders who even with increased salt intake does not meet a rise in blood pressure. As a percentage they are very little, unlike the largest group of people whose blood pressure has straight depending on the excessive salt intake. The most common table salt is sodium chloride. Increasingly in everyday life began to enter the salt with added potassium content. Her intake is recommended, especially in patients suffering from elevated blood pressure or other heart problems. Potassium is a mineral which regulates the balance of electrolytes and fluids in the body. Furthermore, intake of salt enriched with this element, it is recommended eating a banana daily, for which the result is shown to the high amount of the potassium therein.
The intake of sufficient fiber has a beneficial effect both on the overall detoxification of the body, and for the prevention of excessive accumulation of cholesterol in the blood vessel wall. The fibers are supplied both by fresh fruit and vegetables as well as whole grains. Separation of soluble and insoluble fiber is also due to their various beneficial effects to the body. Soluble fibers delay the passage of food in the gastrointestinal tract, allowing gradual penetration of glucose in the blood, leading to the ability to relax the function of the pancreas to release insulin. Furthermore, there is a sense of satiety that lasts for a longer time. In contrast, insoluble fibers away toxins and waste products from the body, speeding the process of digestion.