Almost everyone has happened after the consumption of a particular food to feel discomfort they cause heartburn. When feed and commitment dish comes to our stomach starts the secretion of stomach acids (part of the gastric juice) that have a very important function of our body. They are an irreplaceable part of our immune defense, since destroyed received with food bacteria and parasites. Stomach acids are very important for the digestive process. When a person eats, especially in the oral cavity begins processing of food eaten, it is broken into small pieces thanks to the masticatory process, ie subjected to machining, and in saliva, enzymes starting and chemical treatment of the substances.
A major role in food intake can be absorbed in the best way, play gastric acid, which in January crush and makes it suitable for passage in the lower floors of the digestive system. Also, hydrochloric acid is used for the activation of certain enzymes that are secreted in an inactive form, such as pepsin. Without “medical” property of heartburn food will be harmful to our body and we can not obtain such necessary nutrients from it. Of course, in itself hydrochloric acid, which is part of the gastric juice, and is dangerous for the gastric mucosa. Its harmful effects on the stomach is prevented by the production of mucus. When talking about the presence of acids is referring to the return of stomach contents in which there is hydrochloric acid into the esophagus. Normally this should not be done due to the protective function of the lower esophageal ring, located on the border between the stomach and esophagus.
Esophagus does not produce alkaline mucus as the stomach and is virtually unprotected from hydrochloric acid, if a so-called. reflux (passing the contents in the upper gastrointestinal tract, in the case of the stomach to the esophagus). Complaints are kept to a burning sensation behind the sternum (breastbone), pain that can be confused with the pain of a heart attack if the acids reach the larynx changed her voice becomes hoarse or appear irritating cough. Pain felt in the lower part of the chest, but could radiates and throat. Sometimes heartburn is felt in the throat. Reasons for the increased release of acid can have some food, drinks and drugs that stimulate them, such as chocolate, alcohol, caffeine, aspirin, tomatoes, oranges, grapefruit and others. Smoking and fatty foods reduces the ability of the lower esophageal sphincter to close after food has passed into the stomach. Obesity and pregnancy are also a prerequisite for reflux.
Once they are aware of heartburns many people immediately resorted to the most accessible means – baking soda. It gives immediate relief seeking patient. But what actually happens? After intake of soda together neutralize the acid, but the reverse link it stimulates the production of a greater quantity and more concentrated acid, which causes greater damage. Therefore, when such symptoms should seek medical attention and not to resort to self-medication. The treatment is medication – is written called. H2 blockers and proton pump inhibitors. There are other ways to deal with heartburn, but to avoid premium aforementioned foods, drinks and medicines. For example, when you feel burning can take a handful of almonds or drink juice from raw potatoes before eating to connect not used amount produced heartburn. Do not consume any food 2-3 hours before bedtime and sleep with slightly raised upper body. Drink more water, eat less frequently, do not let overweight and move. If you follow even some of the recommendations will prevent the occurrence of reflux and increased secretion of heartburns.