Low blood pressure, which is also called hypotension, is an issue that rarely advocate when talking about diseases and medical problems. On the one hand because of the lack of definition tochno the other – owing to the understanding that the lower the blood pressure, the better. Somewhat in this maxim is true, but hypotension in some cases can be very serious, even dangerous for the human condition.
As well known for optimum blood pressure was accepted value of 120/80 mmHg, and low can talk possibly somewhere below 90/60 mmHg. Of course, such a definition is difficult to put due to the presence of many people living life with such low have the value without them creating any problems. On the other hand there are many hypertensive patients who at some point have a collapse of blood pressure unless it falls below normal values, yet their problems.
When low blood pressure is a problem?
When talking about this state, it must first clarify whether it is an acute or chronic occurred, whether accompany entire life so far or has occurred in recent weeks and months has changed his quality of life, etc. Medicine taken hypotension dangerous if a person has symptoms such as: dizziness, “blackouts” irritation of light, blurred vision, nausea, cold moist skin, rapid deep breathing, etc. These complaints arise due to poor regulation of blood circulation and lack of blood to vital organs. In chronic hypotension may still be found to reduce the concentration, depression, unexplained thirst and others.
What are the main types of causes that lead to heart hypotension only are they?
The hypotension is generally divided into essential (most common) and secondary. The diagnosis of primary hypotension (in weak patients, as well as athletes) can be placed only after the exclusion of any other reason for it. Here is available elite strike force teams postural syndrome – drop of blood more than 20 mmHg within 3 minutes after getting up from a lying position.
The secondary turn are several types:
Cardiovascular – shock, blood loss, dehydration (drying), acute and chronic cardiovascular abnormalities and inflammatory processes, acute pulmonary embolism, cardiac tamponade, etc .;
Endocrine – adrenal cortex insufficiency (Addison’s disease), impairment of the anterior pituitary (Simmonds disease), low blood sugar, hypothyroidism, rarely – feohomotsitom, hyperparathyroidism, adreno-genital syndrome
Infectious-toxic (after severe medical conditions, after alcohol intake);
Alegrichni – anafilkatichen shock;
Therapy – medications that strongly affect blood or high doses of antihypertensive;
Anemia and others.
How to respond and when to seek medical attention?
Isolated low blood pressure without other complaints is not a cause for concern. Sharp decline in values but can cause severe discomfort and to talk about a serious problem. In this case, a specialist has to stop acute bleeding, severe infection, allergic response, and the like. In chronic low blood pressure it is very important if there are other symptoms – evidence of fluid loss, appearance of pigmentation, weight loss, feeling cold, worsening vision, hoarseness disorder in body hair, other cardiac or neurological complaints drug abuse, with harmful and others. Whether or not to more serious reason for a hypotension, a person should do what it can to curb complaints by drinking more fluids if you salted solutions, seating and possibly bed, placing a cold cloth on his forehead etc.