Osteoporosis is a disease that has become a serious health problem worldwide. Ranks first among the most common bone disease in the elderly, it is a progressive metabolic disease with progressive loss of bone density. Bone tissue combines in its composition, as well as organic substances (collagen, elastin) and inorganic – trace elements phosphorus, calcium, and the like. The gradual reduction of quantity, and impaired balance the processes of construction and destruction of bone tissue leading to osteoporosis. The danger of this disease lies in the fact that it takes a long time, asymptomatic, which is why is called “silent enemy”. When the loss of bone density reaches a certain threshold, the most serious health effects are bone fractures, even in minor injury or moderate load. The most common are fractures of the femoral neck that lead to the forced immobilization, and in some people and disability.
Causes of Osteoporosis and which people are more at risk of developing the disease?
Certain contingents of men are more commonly affected by the disease. After 65 years bone density begins to decline at a faster pace. The process of osteoporosis in women does not occur with the onset of menopause, he started 10 years before him, but once a woman reaches the menopause, bone loss accelerates. In men, the risk of osteoporosis is growing more slowly, but in 70-75 years it is already serious. Considered primarily a disease of women, often male population remains outside the scope of prevention. Statistics show that after age 50 every three women and one in five men are affected by the disease in one way or another. Secondary osteoporosis is developed against the diseases affecting other organs – Cushing’s syndrome, malabsorption of substances, as well as disorders of the thyroid and parathyroid glands. Prolonged intake of certain medications can also lead to osteoporosis – example is corticosteroids. In pregnant women, and nursing is relevant increase the daily intake of calcium, as deficiency in the body leads to extract it from bones of maternal and hence gradual loss of bone density. And that in itself marks the early stages in the development of osteoporosis. For normal growth and development in children and adolescents taking enough micronutrients involved in the formation of bone structure (calcium, magnesium, phosphorus) are crucial for the prevention of many diseases.
What is the importance of calcium and adequate intake of milk in the fight against osteoporosis?
Studies show that modern man suffer more often from lack of various minerals, unlike that of vitamins. Dairy products occupy the first places among the foods that should be present in daily food ration for each person. With care to ensure sufficient calcium in your daily ration, the market offers product brand Vereya in which moisture extra amount of so valuable element having a major role in the fight against osteoporosis. The development of disease is associated with lack of vitamin D, which is important for the absorption of dietary calcium obtained. Foods rich in this vitamin are more fatty fish: mackerel, salmon, herring, and fortified dairy products. Daily recommended dose of calcium is 700-800 mg. As in pregnant and lactating women, and about menopause, it needs to be increased. Important is the consumption of more fruits and vegetables, which made basic environment of the organism, since the acidification of the medium results in an increased loss of calcium. Soy contains natural estrogens, and they are directly related to the metabolism of calcium in the body. Last but not least is placed and moderate physical activity, which is important in the complex prevention of osteoporosis. The teeth also not remain spared in calcium deficiency. This is another reason why the acquisition of this valuable trace element be in sufficient quantity so as to provide us with a healthy and beautiful smile.