Heart rhythm disorders, or so-called arrhythmias are different species. Depending on whether the pulse is fast or slow are called tachycardia and bradycardia, and if the rhythm of the heart is disturbed – respectively tachyarrhythmia and bradyarrhythmia. They are generally divided into arrhythmia originating from supraventricular and from the chamber, as well as the so-called. conduction disorders affecting the very course of nerve impulses in the heart. Depending on the frequency and characteristics of arrhythmias further they fall into fibrillation, flutter and some other species. There are a number of other disorders associated with abnormal occurrence of heart momentum in the wrong place for that purpose, irregular additional “bundles” that conduct impulse, etc. The reasons for the various arrhythmias are – on the one hand the anatomical features of the heart – valvular diseases, cardiac insufficiency, congenital additional paths for conducting pulse and others. Electrolyte disturbances – the amount of potassium, sodium, chloride ions. Thyroid disease can also lead to arrhythmia.
Cardiac arrhythmias are a serious problem for patients, their relatives and physicians. While some of them are mild, sometimes quickly pass not seriously undermine the quality of life of patients or controlled stable with medication, others are much more aggressive, leading to deterioration in the general condition of the patients are difficult to control or can not. Some severely threaten the quick and unexpected death. Therefore, their treatment is a challenge for the modern cardiologist. There are drugs that have been used with varying degrees of efficiency, both acute and chronic arrhythmias. Today, however, no medicine has methods that could save to control arrhythmias lead to their complete elimination and practical healing the sick. Patients who for years suffered from various types of arrhythmias, today find that they can live a completely normal life without a similar problem.
Modern specialists invasive cardiologists, specialized in the treatment of rhythm disorders, can actually definitive defeat certain types of arrhythmias. The method used is called catheter ablation. It uses a catheter inserted through a vein in the leg uspravlyavan under X-ray control. Through it reaches the heart, where’s the damage and run HF. This current affects the area in the direction of improvement of electrical conductivity. Actually in some states such a procedure leads to a cure, while others require repetition at the discretion of the physician and the particularities of the individual organism.
With success today procedure is used in patients with atrial flutter fibrillation, frequent ventricular extrasystoles, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia and others. Some patients remain in temporary medical treatment, others do not even need that.
Catheter ablation is a serious procedure, which is performed at the necessary indications, in the absence of contraindications, assessment by the supervising cardiologist and invasive cardiologist. In our country we have already introduced this method of treatment and many patients have successfully undergone ablation. Like many other diseases that previously were considered incurable for life arrhythmias today partially controlled by medicine. This gives a lot of hope to patients and doctors for improvement quality of life, and for subsequent discoveries and news.