Ebola virus is an acute, serious infectious disease, which is characterized by high mortality in the absence of treatment. The virus is representative of the family Filoviridae. Ebola first appeared in 1976. In March 2014 registered the first cases of illness from Ebola in West Africa, which gives rise to an epidemic that year. It is believed that the Ebola virus is spreading in the population through direct contact with blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected animals such as chimpanzees, gorillas, bats, antelope and porcupines.
Health workers were often infected by a suspected Ebola patients. The reason for this is that special measures are needed to prevent infectious patients. The infection is transmitted from person to person through direct contact through broken skin or mucous membranes with blood, body fluids, secretions or organs of infected people and by surfaces (bedding and clothing). There is a possibility the infection to be transmitted and funerary in contact with the deceased.
What are the symptoms when infected with Ebola?
The incubation period from the time of infection to the appearance of the first symptoms is from 2 to 21 days. The first symptoms are characterized by sudden onset of fatigue, fever, muscle aches, headache and sore throat. At a later stage show and vomiting, diarrhea, rash and symptoms of renal and hepatic function.
What is the treatment and there a vaccine to be administered?
Unfortunately there is still no proven treatment against Ebola virus. Development of a vaccine is under development and officially licensed there is none.